Hepatitis B is a variant of liver inflammation that is transmitted relatively easily during fucking or substance use. In severe cases, it can be chronic.
Hepatitis B is very contagious and is mainly transmitted through blood. However, the viruses can also be present in small amounts in body fluids (saliva, semen, clit/front hole secretions, pee, poop). Even a small amount of virus that enters the body via the smallest injuries to the (mucous) skin is sufficient for transmission. Infection can therefore occur through almost all sex practices and through the sharing of utensils for substance use. There is also a risk when sharing toothbrushes, razors, and nail scissors, and when piercing and tattooing with non-sterile equipment.
Hepatitis infection can vary widely and often goes unnoticed or is not recognized right away.
Two to three months after infection, flu-like symptoms (fever, joint pain, fatigue, loss of appetite) may occur. Sometimes there is itching or yellowing of the skin or eyes.
Often the body copes with the infection on its own. The infection can become chronic. Then it must be treated to prevent severe progressions to liver failure.
Hepatitis B is detected by a blood test.
In the acute phase, only the general symptoms are treated.
If you are infected, you should not consume any substances (alcohol and other substances) that put a strain on your liver. Medications should only be taken in consultation with a medical professional.
Treatment of chronic hepatitis B can take months or years. Often, medications must be taken for life.
If you are infected with HIV and hepatitis at the same time (“co-infection”), the therapy for HIV and hepatitis must be coordinated.